The Dayak People and the Green Regions of Borneo that Form Their Life

The red and green regions of Borneo. Green represents the Dayak community settlements and forests, while the red zone comprises industrial areas, mining, residential areas, plantations, and estates operated by companies.

When observing the current map of Borneo Island, we can clearly distinguish two distinct types of regions that hold significant importance.

The green areas, which include settlements, residences, and the customary forests of the Dayak people, represent a harmonious relationship between humans and nature.

The Dayak community, with a population of over 8 million, has been preserving these forests for generations, making them their home and primary living space.

These green areas also possess high ecological value, with various species and ecosystems that are preserved.

Krayan, a green area in Borneo inhabited by 95% Dayak people: preserving the ancestral lands. On the other hand, the red zones encompass mining areas, industries, and plantations. These areas often become the primary focus of deforestation and environmental damage on Borneo Island.

Mining, industrial activities, and plantations frequently contribute to forest loss and detrimental climate change effects. Therefore, it’s crucial to monitor, regulate, and limit activities in these red zones to protect Borneo’s natural ecosystems.

A clear understanding of the difference between the green and red regions allows us to identify environmental challenges that need to be addressed and appreciate the role of the Dayak community in preserving Borneo’s customary forests and nature.

Furthermore, this forms the basis for developing policies and actions that support environmental conservation on Borneo Island.

Borneo Island indeed has several pristine and natural forests, but the exact percentage can vary depending on data sources and definitions.

Approximately 1/5 of Borneo is considered green and serves as the homes and ancestral lands of the Dayak people, who are legitimate custodians and heirs of the third-largest island in the world. Therefore, general accusations blaming the Dayak community for deforestation and environmental damage on Borneo Island are inaccurate and unfair.

However, estimating that around 5% of Borneo’s total area is “green areas” that remain natural and pristine can provide a general overview of the island’s level of natural preservation.

It’s important to remember that Borneo Island consists of three different countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Each country has its own conservation policies and efforts, and the level of environmental preservation in each region may vary.

Efforts for environmental preservation and sustainable forest management are vital for maintaining Borneo’s ecosystems and biodiversity. This is necessary to maintain environmental balance, protect endangered species, and ensure sustainable natural resources for the future.

As we know, the total area of Borneo Island is 743,330 km². To calculate the “green areas” that are still natural and pristine, we can use the 1/5 ratio of Borneo’s total area.

This means that only approximately 20% of Borneo’s total area remains in its natural state. Thus, out of the total area of 743,330 km², only 148,666 km² is the “green area” unaffected by human activities and still in its natural condition.

The authenticity and natural state of the environment in Sanggau. The fact that the majority of green areas on Borneo Island are inhabited by the Dayak community and are their customary forests is of great significance. It demonstrates the vital role of the Dayak community in environmental preservation and their ancestral heritage.

The Dayak people not only conserve the environment but also preserve their culture and traditions closely tied to the surrounding environment.

The management of customary forests by the Dayak community can aid in preserving ecosystems, protecting endangered species, and promoting sustainable forest management. This also reflects the deep relationship between humans and nature and their commitment to protecting the environment for future generations.

It’s essential to recognize and respect the role of indigenous communities such as the Dayak people in environmental conservation and maintaining ecosystem balance on Borneo Island. Collaborative efforts with communities like these can be key to future environmental sustainability.

Unjust and unreasonable Accusations that blame the Dayak community in general for deforestation and environmental damage on Borneo Island are inaccurate and unfair.

The facts indicate that most of the deforestation and environmental damage on the island are caused by mining companies, industries, and larger human activities. Indigenous communities, like the Dayak, often become victims in this context.

“Post-truth” is a term that refers to a situation where emotions and personal views often have more influence on public opinion and perception than facts and scientific evidence. This is a common issue in discussions regarding environmental issues and controversies related to deforestation.

It’s important to understand that effective policies, regulations, and conservation efforts should be directed toward the companies and industries responsible for environmental damage.

Indigenous communities, such as the Dayak, can play a role as environmental protectors and possess valuable knowledge in environmental preservation.

In this context, collaboration and support for indigenous communities and efforts to address the primary causes of deforestation are more important than unfairly blaming them. (Rangkaya Bada)


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