The Campaign of One Political Party Rejecting the IKN : Will IKN end up Like Myanmar?

Ibu Kota Nusantara (The capital of the archipelago – IKN) that has been established under the legal umbrella of the law raises serious questions about its continuity after the administration of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi).

Read IKN World Class City yang Inklusif (Bagian I dari 3 tulisan) Dr. Namsi

Who is the successor to Nawacita?

Prominent signatures are emerging, including a firm statement from one political party that, if victorious, is committed to keeping Jakarta as the nation’s capital. Furthermore, among the three presidential/vice-presidential candidates, only one has explicitly stated their intention to continue the Nawacita program or the relocation of the national capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan.

“Nawacita” is a term that originated in Indonesia and is associated with the national development vision outlined by President Joko Widodo during his presidential campaign in 2014.

Nawacita translates to “nine goals” in Sanskrit, and it represents the nine priority areas or goals for Indonesia’s development.

The successor to Nawacita will depend on the policies and vision of the next government after President Joko Widodo’s term ends. Nawacita itself is a national development vision introduced by Jokowi during the 2014 presidential campaign and implemented throughout his presidency. If the next president maintains or continues this vision, they can be considered as the successor to Nawacita.

However, it’s important to note that each new leader may bring different development visions and priorities based on the conditions and challenges faced during their term. Therefore, to determine who will succeed the Nawacita concept, it is necessary to monitor the policies and development programs advocated by the upcoming government after Jokowi.

Read http://IKNNamsi dan Ring 1 IKN: Kekuasaan Direbut, Tidak (Pernah) Diberi Cuma-cuma

Jokowi’s Nawacita emphasizes various aspects, including economic development, social justice, and environmental sustainability.

The nine goals cover areas such as enhancing the economy, improving education and healthcare, strengthening the nation’s defense, promoting good governance, and fostering cultural development.

It serves as a guiding principle for the government’s policies and programs during Jokowi’s administration, reflecting a comprehensive vision for the country’s progress.

The policies of the incoming government

This question is highly contingent on the policies of the incoming government. While Jokowi has support for the relocation of the capital to East Kalimantan through the IKN project, political developments in the future may alter the direction of this policy. An example taken for comparison is the failure of Myanmar to relocate its capital, where citizens were unwilling to move to the proposed new capital.

A discussion group on the WhatsApp platform delves into the intensity of the trending topic regarding the continuation of IKN.

Uncertainties surrounding the relocation plan

Despite uncertainties surrounding the relocation plan, the group concludes that the public needs to be prepared and should not merely be spectators. Even though direct involvement in IKN may not be possible, they are reminded to preserve ancestral land and forests, demonstrating active engagement in this issue.

Read The Fate of IKN in the Post-President Jokowi Era

After Jokowi’s administration, IKN has become a significant question mark, and its fate is considered to follow in the footsteps of Myanmar, eventually not becoming the primary focus of the national agenda. In this context, the continuity of IKN seems to be a progressively complex debate. There is a suggestion to explore possibilities, potential, and potential obstacles, with some proposing a SWOT analysis.

Various issues arise regarding the relocation of IKN, including the complexity of moving the population and challenges related to customary land. Transmigration and land certificate ownership issues are highlighted, with spontaneous transmigration considered a better solution than official transmigration programs.

The threat of deforestation in Borneo also comes into focus, especially with the IKN relocation process potentially leading to extensive deforestation. This issue has the potential to impact the fate of indigenous people, especially those who have proven to be guardians of the Borneo forest for thousands of years.

Facing this complexity

Facing this complexity, it is crucial to continually follow current political developments and listen to statements from presidential candidates and related political parties to understand how policies related to IKN and the relocation of the national capital may change in the future.

IKN is expected to bring about a balance in development and infrastructure between Western and Eastern Indonesia.

The existence of IKN is envisioned as an economic catalyst and a driver for development in the Eastern Indonesian region. This becomes particularly crucial considering the forecasted challenges for Java in the next 10 years, where the island is not only symbolically but also literally facing the risk of submergence due to population density and the increasing depletion of the Earth’s foundation caused by excessive and imprudent groundwater usage.

Point of no return

It is worth noting that the National Capital (IKN) legislation, the Draft Law on the National Capital (RUU IKN), has been approved and enacted into Law Number 3 of 2022 concerning the National Capital (UU IKN) on February 15, 2022.

It is not easy to reach the creation of the IKN law, let alone to the stage of its implementation, attracting investors from both domestic and foreign sources. Currently, the progress of the IKN project in the infrastructure development phase is estimated to have reached 39%.*)

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